A bunion, also known as hallux valgus, is a bony prominence of the big toe, which often results in pain. A bunion can change the shape of your foot, make it difficult for you to find shoes that fit correctly.
Although it is not clearly understood why bunions occur, possible causes include:
Your GP may have already initially recommended conservative treatment measures with the goal of reducing or eliminating your foot pain.
Such measures can include:
Conservative treatment measures can help relieve the discomfort of a bunion, however, these measures will not prevent the bunion from progressing.
Surgery is the only means of correcting a bunion. Surgery is also recommended when conservative measures fail to treat the symptoms of a bunion.
There are many surgical options to treat a bunion. The common goal is to realign the bones in the foot, correct the deformity, and relieve pain and discomfort. Your surgeon will make an incision along your big toe and open up the joint capsule to expose the bump.
As with any surgery, bunion surgery involves certain risks. They include:
Patients should follow all instructions given by the surgeon following the surgery. These include: